ALLERGY RESOURCES

COMPREHENSIVE ALLERGY RESOURCES FOR EVERYONE - THE TOP 14 ALLERGENS AND BEYOND

COMPREHENSIVE ALLERGY RESOURCES FOR EVERYONE - THE TOP 14 ALLERGENS AND BEYOND
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GOAT MILK ALLERGY


Key Allergens

Goat milk is commonly drunk in many countries and it's by-products, such as goat cheese remain popular.

The allergenic proteins in goat milk are generally split into albumins (commonly called whey) and casein. In human milk the split is usually 60% whey to 40% casein. In goat milk the split is 20% whey to 80% casein. This is a similar composition to cow's milk. This massive difference in composition is thought to be the cause of what causes IgE allergic reaction to mammalian milk, with most people being allergic to casein proteins in the milk.

Some breeds of goat make milk lacking α-s1-casein, which is the main casein in cow milk, this is less allergenic than goat milk with α-s2-casein, which is more typical for many goat breeds.

Most goat milk products are not suitable for those suffering from cow's milk protein allergy. Goat milk remains a dairy product and is best avoided for those allergic to cows milk.

Goat milk and cheese contains as much lactose as cows milk, so is also not suitable for those suffering from lactose intolerance.


Associated Syndromes

Goat milk is not currently associated with any allergic syndromes.

Cross Reactivity

Cow, buffalo and sheep milk could all be cross reactive with goat milk due to their similar composition.


Resources

Websites

Science Direct - Goat Milk

Allergen Encyclopedia - Goat Milk

Allergic Living - Is Goat’s Milk Safe to Give a Child with Dairy Allergy?

Foods Matter - Milky Matters


Articles and Journals

Goat's milk allergy in a family following household sensitization to goat's milk soap, 2021

Goat Milk in Human Nutrition and Health – A Review, 2017

Chemical Composition, Nitrogen Fractions and Amino Acids Profile of Milk from Different Animal Species, 2016

Comparative evaluation of allergic sensitization to milk proteins of cow, buffalo and goat, 2013

The challenge of cow milk protein allergy, 2007

Allergy to goat and sheep milk without allergy to cow's milk, 2006

Goat Milk Allerginicity, 2004

Cross-reactivity between milk proteins from different animal species, 1999



Let me know if you found any of these interesting or useful. If you spot an article or research that you think is interesting you can message me or tag me on Facebook or Twitter - links at the bottom of the page.


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