Honey is primarily sugar; proteins which may cause allergy have not yet been identified.
An allergic reaction to honey is most likely to be from what else may be within the honey, trace contaminants of:
- Pollen particles
- Antibiotics and herbicides
- Bee and hive remnants
Honey which contains pollen from the plant family Compositae (which includes sunflower and ragweed) is more likely to cause allergic symptoms.
There is no information on syndromes associated with honey allergy.
The link between bee sting allergy and honey allergy is weak. Bee venom is made of several components which work in conjunction with each other; these can be partially lost in the honey making process and do not have the same effect when ingested.