Honey is primarily sugar; proteins which may cause allergy have not yet been identified.
An allergic reaction to honey is most likely to be from what else may be within the honey, trace contaminants of:
- Pollen particles
- Antibiotics and herbicides
- Bee and hive remnants
Honey which contains pollen from the plant family Compositae (which includes sunflower and ragweed) is more likely to cause allergic symptoms.
There is no information on syndromes associated with honey allergy.
The link between bee sting allergy and honey allergy is weak. Bee venom is made of several components which work in conjunction with each other; these can be partially lost in the honey making process and do not have the same effect when ingested.
Bee Facts - British Beekeepers Association
Allergen Encyclopedia - Honey
Dermnet NZ - Contact allergy to propolis
Healthline - Allergic to Honey
Articles and Journals
Anaphylactic reaction after drinking tea with honey, 2021
A rare case of multiple severe anaphylaxis caused by thyme, black pepper, wasp and honey, 2019
Ragweed components in honey, 2017
Anaphylaxis caused by honey: a case report, 2017
Contamination of honey by the herbicide asulam and its antibacterial active metabolite sulfanilamide, 2004
Whole bee for Diagnosis of Honey Allergy, 2002
Immunochemical screening for antimicrobial drug residues in commercial honey, 1998
Venom allergy, 1998
Honey allergy is rare in patients sensitive to pollens, 1995
Allergy to honey: relation to pollen and honey bee allergy, 1992
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