Jackfruit is in the family Moraceae, other foods in this family are mulberry and figs.
Jackfruit is consumed more commonly in Europe as a vegan alternative to meat as the fruit can be prepared to have a meat like texture.
Jackfruit is a less common food allergy, there are no recorded allergens for jackfruit by the World Health Organization (WHO), because there have not been enough study into allergic effects from this food. If you are interested in what is needed by the WHO before they add an allergen to their allergen database you can check that out HERE
The proteins in jackfruit are thought to be Bet v 1 like proteins
, which means that your body mistakes them for birch pollen allergens and can cause oral allergy type symptoms.
Jackfruit also contains lectin proteins, these are not associated with IgE allergy to the fruit, but can cause symptoms of food intolerance which can sometimes look like a food allergy. The symptoms from eating foods high in lectins can be reduced by cooking food for longer as this damages the structures of the proteins. Eating foods with lectins in moderation can also reduce the effects of this food intolerance.
Allergy to jackfruit has been linked to Pollen Food Allergy Syndrome. You may have Pollen-Food Allergy Syndrome if you suffer from dill allergy with oral allergy symptoms to 3 or more of the foods mentioned in the cross reactivity section.
Jackfruit allergy is also seen in conjunction with allergies to other foods presenting as Latex Food Syndrome. This is due to the the body confusing the proteins it encounters in food to that of latex proteins to which it is already sensitised.
If sensitised to Birch pollen you may have Pollen Food Allergy Syndrome and may also react to apple, carrot, kiwi, pear, peach, plum, nectarine, apricots, cherries, tomato, celery, potato, parsnip, pepper, cumin, peas, dill, fennel, hazelnut, walnut, almonds, coriander, peanuts, lentils and beans.
Foods linked to Latex Food Syndrome may have linked allergies to foods which contain high levels of chitinase like avocado, fig, avocado, banana, corn (maize), kiwi, papaya, pomegranate and tomatoes.
Science Direct - Jackfruit
Allergen Encyclopedia - Jackfruit
Anaphylaxis Campaign - Allergy to fruit
Articles and Journals
Jackfruit Anaphylaxis in a Latex Allergic Non-Healthcare Worker, 2021
Allergic reactions to genus Morus plants: a review, 2020
Jackfruit induced anaphylaxis associated birch pollen related food allergies, 2018
Jackfruit anaphylaxis in a latex allergic patient, 2015
Identification of Bet v 1‐related allergens in fig and other Moraceae fruits, 2010
Allergy to jackfruit: a novel example of Bet v 1‐related food allergy, 2004
Let me know if you found any of these interesting or useful.
If you spot an article or research that you think is interesting you can message me or tag me on Facebook or Twitter - links at the bottom of the page.