Mango is in the Anacardiaceae
family of plants which also includes cashews and pistachio nuts.
There are no recorded allergens for mango by the World Health Organization (WHO), because there have not been enough study into allergic effects from this food. If you are interested in what is needed by the WHO before they add an allergen to their allergen database you can check that out HERE
Mangoes have been shown to contain plant profilin proteins
. These are panallergens with the potential to cause allergic reactions over many groups of foods.
Mango kernels can be pressed for oil which can be used in soap manufacture. It can also be made into mango butter which is used in cosmetics.
Mangoes also contain limonene, which is a component of the oils found in the peel of certain fruits. Limonene is a well known skin irritant - so may cause sufferers to react to the skin whilst being able to eat or drink the fruit.
Allergy to mango is linked to Celery-Mugwort-Spice Syndrome
, which is a subtype of Pollen Food Allergy Syndrome
. This syndrome affects individuals who have become sensitised to pollen and then have oral allergy type symptoms to foods with similarly shaped proteins. The most common form of Pollen Food Allergy Syndrome is the one caused by birch tree pollen. In Celery Mugwort Spice Syndrome the sensitising pollen is mugwort.
The plant involved in latex allergy Hevea brasiliensis
, the rubber tree plant, has an allergen called Hev b 8 which is a profilin protein. Those very sensitised to latex may have a contact allergic reaction from other foods or plants containing profilin proteins, there is less evidence of this than sensitisation to other latex linked proteins like hevein and chitinases, but it still has an important role in Latex Food Syndrome.
Mango is a plant in the Anacardiaceae family, which also includes pistachio and cashew nuts, there are cases of those with these nut allergies suffering reactions to mango.
Those with a sensitivity to latex may have linked allergies to foods which contain high levels of chitinase, like avocado, banana, chestnuts, corn (maize), kiwi, papaya, pomegranate and tomatoes.
Profilins are also found as food allergens in kiwi, celery, peanut, chilli, watermelon, orange, hazelnut, melon, carrot, strawberry, soya, walnut, lychee, lupin, apple, cherry, almond, peach, pear, mustard, tomato and aubergine.
Other plants containing profilin inhalant allergens are ragweed, wormwood, birch, sunflower, olive, plantain, poplar and oak.
Science Direct - Mango
Allergen Encyclopedia - Mango
Allergy information for: Mango (Mangifera indica)
DermNet NZ - Mango
Articles and Journals
Mango chitinase is a major allergen in Chinese pediatric patients, 2018
Low percentage of clinically relevant pistachio nut and mango co-sensitisation in cashew nut sensitised children, 2017
Hypersensitivity manifestations to the fruit mango, 2011
Identification of a 27 kDa Protein in Patients With Anaphylactic Reactions to Mango, 2008
Anaphylaxis Following Ingestion of Mango Fruit, 2007
Characterization of cross-reacting allergens in mango fruit, 2001
"Latex-fruit syndrome": frequency of cross-reacting IgE antibodies, 1997
Allergy to pistachio: crossreactivity between pistachio nut and other Anacardiaceae, 1995
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