BUFFALO MILK ALLERGY
Buffalo milk is commonly drunk in many countries and it is becoming increasingly popular in Western countries along with it's by-products, such as buffalo mozzarella.
The allergenic proteins in buffalo milk are generally split into albumins (commonly called whey) and casein. In human milk the split is usually 60% whey to 40% casein. In buffalo milk the split is 20% whey to 80% casein. This is a very similar composition to cow's milk. This massive difference in composition is thought to be the cause of what causes IgE allergic reaction to mammalian milk, with most people being allergic to casein proteins in the milk.
The most commonly asked question with regards to buffalo milk products - is buffalo mozzarella dairy free? and the answer is no, it is not suitable for people with allergies to milk or those who are lactose intolerant unless specifically stated on the packaging.
Buffalo milk is not suitable for those who are intolerant to lactose. Lactose
is a sugar found in milk and dairy products. After it is eaten it is broken down by the body into two digestible sugars. If you are intolerant to lactose it means that your body does not make enough of the enzyme lactase which breaks down the sugars. The gastrointestinal symptoms of lactose intolerance are caused by the body being unable to succesfully breakdown the sugars which cause bloating, discomfort and diarrhoea.
Lactose is a FODMAP food. FODMAP
stands for F
olyols. Foods high in FODMAPs can cause symptoms of food intolerance, affecting the gastro intestinal system and this can be mistaken for a true IgE food allergy.
You can read more about Food Intolerances
on the dedicated Food Intolerance Page.
milk could all be cross reactive with buffalo milk due to similar composition.
Science Direct - Buffalo Milk
Allergen Encyclopedia - Bovine Casein
Healthline - Buffalo Milk
Foods Matter - Milky Matters
NHS - Lactose Intolerance
Articles and Journals
Cow's milk alternatives for children with cow's milk protein allergy - Review of health benefits and risks of allergic reaction, 2023
Buffalo Milk and Its Products: Composition, Nutrition and Benefits, 2022
A Comprehensive Review on Composition of Donkey Milk in Comparison to Human, Cow, Buffalo, Sheep, Goat, Camel and Horse Milk, 2020
Chemical Composition, Nitrogen Fractions and Amino Acids Profile of Milk from Different Animal Species, 2016
Degree of hydrolysis and antigenicity of buffalo alpha S1 casein and its hydrolysates in children with cow milk allergy, 2015
Comparative evaluation of allergic sensitization to milk proteins of cow, buffalo and goat, 2013
Tolerance to Water Buffalo Milk in a Child with Cow Milk Allergy, 2009
Cross-reactivity between milk proteins from different animal species, 1999
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