GOJI BERRY ALLERGY
Goji berries (also known as wolfberries) are in the Solanaceae
family of plants. Other plants in this family include aubergine (eggplant), tomato, potato and chillis. These are also collectively called nightshades.
Goji berries have been shown to contain Lipid Transfer Proteins
Goji berries are a low FODMAP food. FODMAP
stands for F
olyols. Foods high in FODMAPs can cause symptoms of food intolerance, affecting the gastro intestinal system and this can be mistaken for a true IgE food allergy.
Goji berries is one of the few fruits to contain a moderate amount of lectins
, another cause of food intolerance. Cooking foods with lectins makes them more digestible and can reduce the symptoms of food intolerance.
Goji berries are high in salicylates. Salicylates
have the potential to cause gastrointestinal food intolerance symptoms in people who are sensitive to salicylates.
You can read more about Food Intolerances
on the dedicated Food Intolerance Page.
As they contain lipid transfer proteins, goji berries can be associated with LTP Syndrome
. This is when different groups of foods which are seemingly unrelated cause severe allergic reactions.
Other foods which contain lipid transfer proteins include almond, apple, apricot, asparagus, aubergine (eggplant), banana, beetroot, lupin, blueberry, broccili, cabbage, celery, cherry, chestnut, corn, durum wheat, fennel, fig, grape, grapefruit, green bean hazelnut, kidney beans, kiwi, lemon, lentil, lettuce, mulberry, mustard, onion, orange, parsely, parsnup, pea, peach, peanut, pear, plum, pomegranate, raspberry, strawberry, sunflower seeds, tangerine, tomato, walnut, wheat.
Note these food lists are not exhaustive, the most up to date information is on the Cross Reactivity Tool.
Science Direct - Lycium
FODMAPedia - Goji Berry
Salicylates and Nightshades
Articles and Journals
Lipid transfer protein allergy and anaphylaxis in children, 2023
Lipid transfer protein allergy: A review of current controversies, 2022
The diagnosis and management of allergic reactions in patients sensitized to non‐specific lipid transfer proteins, 2021
Emerging Allergens in Goji Berry Superfruit: The Identification of New IgE Binding Proteins towards Allergic Patients’ Sera, 2020
Goji berries superfood – contributions for the characterisation of proteome and IgE-binding proteins, 2019
Recently introduced foods as new allergenic sources: Sensitisation to Goji berries (Lycium barbarum), 2013
Goji Berries, a Novel Potent Allergenic Source with High Cross-Reactivity with Other Fruits, 2012
Goji berries (Lycium barbarum): risk of allergic reactions in individuals with food allergy, 2012
Anaphylaxis associated with the ingestion of Goji berries (Lycium barbarum), 2011
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