Sorghum is a grain in the Poaceae
family of cereals. Other plants in this family include corn, wheat, barley, rice and rye.
Sorghum contains profilin
proteins and polcalcin
proteins. These are both panallergens which can cause allergies over large groups of plants.
Although it is a cereal sorghum does not contain any of the proteins which are associated with coeliac disease, so is gluten free and can be eaten by people with this immune disorder.
Sorghum is a low FODMAP food. FODMAP
stands for F
olyols. Foods high in FODMAPs can cause symptoms of food intolerance, affecting the gastro intestinal system and this can be mistaken for a true IgE food allergy.
Sorghum is also low in salicylates. Salicylates
have the potential to cause gastrointestinal food intolerance symptoms in people who are sensitive to salicylates.
Sorghum is low in lectins>
, which can be another cause of food intolerance. Cooking foods with lectins makes them more digestible and can reduce the symptoms of food intolerance.
You can read more about Food Intolerances
on the dedicated Food Intolerance Page.
As a food sorghum is not currently associated with any allergic syndromes.
Sorghum pollen is associated with asthma, rhinconjunctivitis and hayfever (rhinitis).
Other plants in the Poaceae
family of plants include barley, corn, durum wheat, lemongrass, oats, rice, rye and wheat. If you react to one you may react to another. Read more about Grain Allergens and Pseudocereals
Other plants which contain profilins are celery, peanut, soyabeans, walnut, lupin, almonds, mustard and hazelnut. Fruits and vegetables containing these proteins are kiwi, pineapple, chilli, melon, orange, strawberry, lychee, apple, banana, aubergine (eggplant), peach, pear, tomato, dates, cherry and carrot. Profilin proteins are also found in barley and wheat.
Pollens which contain profilin are pigweeds, ragweed, mugwort, sugar beet, birch trees, hemp, crocus, grass pollen, sunflower, olive, rice, plantain, poplar, mesquite, oak and maize.
Other pollens which contain polcalcins are alder, ragweed, wormwood, birch, bermuda grass, olive, juniper, lilac and timothy grass.
These food lists are not exhaustive, the most up to date information is on the Cross Reactivity Tool.
Allergen Encyclopedia - Sorghum halepense
Science Direct - Sorghum
Healthline - FODMAP Foods
Sorghum - pollen.com
Articles and Journals
Isolating the species element in grass pollen allergy: A review, 2023
A Pilot Study to Identify Grass Species That Mediate Pollen Allergy in Thailand, 2023
Fermented Food in Asthma and Respiratory Allergies — Chance or Failure? 2022
Specific panallergen peptide of Sorghum Polcalcin showing IgE response identified based on in silico and in vivo peptide mapping, 2019
Molecular characterization and In silico analysis of Sorghum Panallergens: Profilin and Polcalin, 2015
Sensitization to Beer Ingredients in Chinese Individuals with Beer Allergy: A Clinical Study of 20 Cases, 2014
A study on development of Gluten free pasta and its biochemical and immunological validation, 2013
Profile of Pollen Allergies in Patients with Asthma, Allergic Rhinitis and Urticaria in Hyderabad, 2006
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