Arrowroot is a plant starch traditionally ground from the root of the Maranta arundinacea
plant, but is also sometimes substituted with tapioca from cassava (Manihot esculenta
Cassava is in the Euphorbiaceae
family of plants. This family also includes castor beans and the rubber tree plant Hevea brasiliensis
the main plant responsible for latex allergies. You can read more about cassava here
Arrowroot is a good gluten free and allergy friendly substitute and is used as a thickener and as an egg replacer in baking vegan goods.
Arrowroot is a low FODMAP food. FODMAP
stands for F
olyols. Foods high in FODMAPs can cause symptoms of food intolerance, affecting the gastro intestinal system and this can be mistaken for a true IgE food allergy.
Arrowroot is a food low in salicylates. Salicylates have the potential to cause gastrointestinal food intolerance symptoms in people who are sensitive to salicylates.
You can read more about Food Intolerances
on the dedicated Food Intolerance Page.
Arrowroot sourced from Maranta arundinacea
is not associated with any allergic syndromes.
Arrowroot sourced from cassava, (Manihot esculenta
) can be linked to Latex Food Syndrome
as the main allergen is similar in structure to hevein, which can cause problems in people with a latex allergy.
There is no cross reactivity linked to arrowroot sourced from Maranta arundinacea
For arrowroot from cassava there is a possibility of cross reactivity for people with a sensitivity to hevein or chitinase. Foods which contain high levels of chitinase are avocado, banana, chestnuts, corn (maize), kiwi, papaya, pomegranate and tomatoes.
These food lists are not exhaustive, the most up to date information is on the Cross Reactivity Tool.
DermNet NZ - Additives and E Numbers
FODMAP Friendly - Arrowroot
The Food Intolerance Dietician - Salicylates
Articles and Journals
Application of Composite Flour from Indonesian Local Tubers in Gluten-Free Pancakes, 2023
Review Article: Arrowroot - Gluten-free, Multipurpose Crops, 2022
Functional and Nutritional Properties of Various Flour Blends of Arrowroot Starch and wheat Flour, 2022
Research Notes: Benefits and Possible Food Applications of Arrowroot (Maranta Arundinaceae L.), 2021
Arrowroot (Maranta arundinacea L.): Botany, Horticulture, and Uses, 2021
A case of generalized urticaria caused by arrowroot ingestion, 2010
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