CARAWAY SEED ALLERGY
Caraway seeds are a herb from a plant in the Apiaceae
family of plants. Other plants in this family include aniseed, carrot, celery, coriander, cumin, dill, fennel, parsley and parsnip. Plants in this family contain profilin
proteins which can cause allergic reactions in uncommon circumstances.
Allergic reactions are most likely to be caused by Bet v 1-like
proteins, which cause reactions in people sensitised to birch tree pollen and give oral allergy type symptoms.
Caraway seeds contain essential oils like carvone, anethole and limonene. These are all compounds which can cause skin irritation in people who pick, plant or process the plant.
Caraway seeds are a low FODMAP food when eaten in normal amounts as a food seasoning. FODMAP
stands for F
olyols. Foods high in FODMAPs can cause symptoms of food intolerance, affecting the gastro intestinal system and this can be mistaken for a true IgE food allergy.
Caraway seeds are a food high in salicylates
. Salicylates have the potential to cause worsening of asthma, swelling, itching and hives as well as food intolerance symptoms in people who are sensitive to salicylates.
You can read more about Food Intolerances
on the dedicated Food Intolerance Page.
Caraway is in the family Apiaceae, other spices in this family are coriander (cilantro), carrot, parsnip, aniseed, celery, chervil, cumin, dill, fennel and parsley.
Other plants which contain profilin include almond, aniseed, apple, banana, barley, carrot, celery, chard, date, fennel, fenugreek, hazelnut, kiwi, mango, melon, mustard, onion, orange, peach, peanut, pear, pineapple, plum, rice, soya, strawberry, sunflower seeds, tomato, walnut and wheat.
Other plants which contain Bet v 1 include almond, aniseed, apple, apricot, carrot, celery, cherry, chestnut, dill, fenugreek, hazelnut, jackfruit, kiwi, mango, melon, parsely, parsnip, plum, poppy seeds, radish, raspberry, soya, strawberry, tomato and walnut.
The food lists for these allergens are not exhaustive, visit the Cross Reactivity Tools to see the food lists in full.
Allergen Encyclopedia - Caraway Seeds
Science Direct - Caraway Seeds
Science Direct - Carvone
FODMAPedia - Caraway
Articles and Journals
Comprehensive Study on Key Pollen Allergen, 2022
Higher Risk for Sensitization to Commonly Consumed Herbs among Adults and Youngsters Suffering from Birch, Mugwort or Grass Pollinosis, 2022
New allergens from spices in the Apiaceae family: anise Pimpinella anisum L. and caraway Carum carvi L., 2020
Adult onset food allergy, 2012
Caraway seed-induced anaphylaxis: A case report, 2011
Occupational rhinoconjunctivitis and food allergy because of aniseed sensitization, 2002
Food allergy and IgE sensitization caused by spices: CICBAA data (based on 589 cases of food allergy), 2002
Cumin anaphylaxis: A case report, 1997
Food allergy: the celery-mugwort-spice syndrome. Association with mango allergy? 1984
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