Loquats are fruits in the Rosaceae
family of plants. Other fruit in this family include apples, cherry, peach, pear, plums and strawberries.
Loquat has been shown to contain Bet v Proteins
. Which can cause oral allergy symptoms and are linked to Pollen Food Allergy Syndrome
Loquats are a high FODMAP food. FODMAP
stands for F
olyols. Foods high in FODMAPs can cause symptoms of food intolerance, affecting the gastro intestinal system and this can be mistaken for a true IgE food allergy.
Loquats are moderate in salicylates
. Salicylates have the potential to cause worsening of asthma, swelling, itching and hives as well as food intolerance symptoms in people who are sensitive to salicylates.
You can read more about Food Intolerances
on the dedicated Food Intolerance Page.
You may have Pollen Food Allergy Syndrome
if you are allergic to 3 or more of the foods which contain Bet v 1 proteins below but are able to eat cooked fruit without any severe allergic reactions.
Loquat has been linked to Latex Food Syndrome
. Latex Food Syndrome can be caused by chitinases, hevein proteins or profilin proteins. In loquat allergy the offending protein has not yet been identified due to lack of study as an uncommon fruit.
Other foods in the Rosaceae
family include almonds, apples, apricots, blackberry, cherry, hawthorn, peach, pear, plum, quince, raspberry, hawthorns and strawberries.
Foods containing Bet v 1 proteins include almond, apricot, carrot, celery, chestnut, dill, fig, kiwi, mango, melon, peach, pear, plum, raspberry, soya and tomato.
Note these food lists are not exhaustive, you can find the most up to date information on the Cross Reactivity Tool.
Science Direct - Loquat
ATP Science - Salicylate Foods
Articles and Journals
Epitope-Based IgE Assays and Their Role in Providing Diagnosis and Prognosis of Food Allergy, 2023
Usefulness of Gly m 4-specific IgE test in the diagnosis of Rosaceae fruit-oral allergy syndrome caused by Betulaceae pollen sensitization, 2022
Can patients with oral allergy syndrome be at risk of anaphylaxis? 2020
Allergy and Anaphylactic Reaction to Loquat (Eriobotrya japonica) Are Induced by a Bet v 1 Homolog, 2019
Biological Activities of Extracts from Loquat (Eriobotrya japonica Lindl.): A Review, 2016
A case of anaphylaxis due to rose-flavored soft-serve ice cream with pollen food allergy syndrome, 2013
Anaphylaxis and generalized urticaria from eating Chinese bayberry fruit, 2012
Prevalence of Food Allergy in 137 Latex-Allergic Patients, 1999
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