Apricots are a fruit in the Rosaceae
family of plants, this also includes cherry, plums, almonds, nectarines, raspberries, strawberries and peaches.
There are 3 allergenic proteins found in apricots. Pru ar 1, Pru ar 3 and Pru ar 5.
Pru ar 1 is a Bet v 1 like protein
involved in allergy to birch pollen.
Pru ar 3 is a Lipid Transfer Protein
(LTP). These proteins are resistant to heat and are found in many fruits, vegetables, nuts and seeds.
Pru ar 5 is Hev b 5-like, which means it is similar in shape to a contact allergy protein, hevein, found in rubber trees, so has been linked to latex allergy
Pru m 7 is an allergenic protein found in Japanese apricots and is a gibberellin regulated protein
. Gibberellins are plant hormones associated with growth and development.
Apricots are a high FODMAP food. FODMAP
stands for F
olyols. Foods high in FODMAPs can cause symptoms of food intolerance, affecting the gastro intestinal system and this can be mistaken for a true IgE food allergy.
Dried apricots are high in sulphites
. This is a food intolerance which is more common in asthmatics. An improvement in symptoms can be made with a change to a low sulphite diet.
Apricots are high in salicylates
. Salicylates have the potential to cause worsening of asthma, swelling, itching and hives as well as food intolerance symptoms in people who are sensitive to salicylates.
You can read more about Food Intolerances
on the dedicated Food Intolerance Page.
Those suffering from Bet v 1 allergies are said to have Pollen Food Allergy Syndrome
. If you suffer from apricot allergy with oral allergy symptoms to 3 or more of the foods mentioned in cross reactivity section you may have this syndrome.
You may have LTP Syndrome
if you suffer from allergies to many of the foods mentioned in the cross reactivity section below.
Latex Food Syndrome
is caused by the body confusing the proteins it encounters in food to that of latex proteins to which it is already sensitised.
Common foods involved in LTP allergy include kiwi, strawberry, sunflower seeds, walnuts, apple, mulberry, banana, pea, apricot, cherry, plum, almond, peach, pomegranate, tomato, raspberry, grapes, celery, peanut, asparagus, cabbage, broccoli, chestnut, lemon, tangerine, orange, hazelnut, lentil, lupin, wheat, mustard, maize and lettuce.
If sensitised to birch tree pollen you may have Pollen Food Allergy Syndrome and may also react to kiwi, cherry, peach, plum, nectarine, apricots, apple, tomato, celery, carrot, potato, parsnip, pepper, dill, cumin, peas, coriander, fennel, hazelnut, walnut, almonds, peanuts, lentils and beans.
Those with a sensitivity to Hev b 5 may have linked allergies to foods which contain high levels of chitinase
, like avocado, banana, chestnuts, corn (maize), kiwi, papaya, pomegranate, mango and tomatoes.
Gibberellin regulated proteins are also found in chilli, cherry, oranges, peach and pomegranate.
Allergen Encyclopedia - Apricot
Lipid Transfer Proteins (LTP Syndrome)
OAS – When Raw Fruit is Forbidden
Allergy to Fruit - Anaphylaxis Campaign
Allergy information for: Apricot (Prunus armeniaca )
Apricot Allergy Symptoms, Can You be Allergic to Apricots?
Healthline - FODMAP Foods
ATP Science - High Salicylate Foods
Articles and Journals
Effects of ultrasound on the immunoreactivity of amandin, an allergen in apricot kernels during debitterizing, 2023
BSACI guideline for the diagnosis and management of pollen food syndrome in the UK - Skypala - 2022 - Clinical & Experimental Allergy - Wiley Online Library, 2022
Food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis due to pickled Japanese apricot, 2019
Lipid Transfer Protein allergy in the United Kingdom: Characterization and comparison with a matched Italian cohort, 2019
ENEA, a peach and apricot IgE-binding protein cross-reacting with the latex major allergen Hev b 5, 2019
Gibberellin‐regulated protein in Japanese apricot is an allergen cross‐reactive to Pru p 7, 2017
Evolutionary History of the Non-Specific Lipid Transfer Proteins, 2011
The prevalence of latex allergy in children seen in a university hospital allergy clinic, 2007
Evidence for a lipid transfer protein as the major allergen of apricot, 2000
Allergenic cross-reactivity among peach, apricot, plum, and cherry in patients with oral allergy syndrome: An in vivo and in vitro study, 1994
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